This fixes a bug that prevented the consumption of relevant messages from a Topic for which we have a durable subscription if it were full of messages we were not interested in.
The bug manifested itself when your consuming thread simply hung despite perfectly good messages being added to the JMS Topic.
Fortunately, ActiveMQ comes with MBeans that are easily activated. This allowed us to watch what the little blighter was doing with the much under-utilized JConsole. Service stopped when we saw the number of irrelevant messages in the Topic hit 100 - the default size of the buffer. This was the clue that prompted me to go off and look in the code at where my consuming thread was blocking (JConsole also shows where all the JVM's threads are).
Incidentally, I'm surprised how few really good Java developers don't use JConsole - despite the fact you get it for free with your JDK. For monitoring an application in production, you can't beat it. Other commonly used libraries often come with MBeans ready to deploy. For instance, did you know that you can change the Log4J logging threshold at runtime? If you want to make your own MBeans and you're using Spring, it couldn't be easier. You just need to have a org.springframework.jmx.